Developing landscape, gardens, forests, grasslands, fodders, crops and vegetative covers compatible with societal needs.
It is also known as landfill, is the process of creating new land from the ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or landfill.
Land reclamation can be achieved with many different methods. The most simple method involves simply filling the area with large amounts of heavy rock and/or cement, then filling with clay and dirt until the desired height is reached. The process is called "infilling" and the material used to fill the space is generally called "infill". Draining of submerged wetlands is often used to reclaim land for agricultural use. Deep cement mixing is used in situations in which the material displaced by either dredging or draining may be contaminated and hence needs to be contained. Land dredging is also another method of land reclamation. It is the removal of sediments and debris from the bottom of a body of water. It is used for maintaining reclaimed land masses as sedimentation, a natural process, fills channels and harbors naturally.